Anemia of Chronic Disease: General Overview

Anemia of chronic disease is a serious condition that should be addressed properly by doctors to ensure the safety of the patient. Early detection is always a good way to guarantee a good prognosis. Anemia of chronic disease will require special attention to the underlying health problem as well as the associated symptoms and effects. Many people have found ways to cope with the effects without any further complications.

Defining The Disease

Anemia of chronic disease is the low red blood cell level of individuals suffering from a long term or chronic illness. The red blood cells are particularly useful in distributing oxygen and other essential nutrients to different parts of the body.

If a certain condition like infection, autoimmune disorder or cancer is present, the person will find it very difficult to perform normal activities as well as cope with the different demands of daily living. Red blood cells will then be limited by different conditions, requiring doctors to introduce synthetic medications and other supplements that will stimulate the bone marrow to produce more red blood cells. There are different types of anemia but anemia of chronic disease is the second most common.

Knowing the Causes

Anemia of this type is generally caused by a long term ailment. Some of the usual problems that will lead to low red blood cell count include chronic infection, inflammatory disease, autoimmune problems like systemic lupus erythematosus, Crohn’s disease and rheumatoid arthritis, liver cirrhosis, cancer, Hodgkin’s disease, long term kidney or liver problem or failure, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, bacterial endocarditis, HIV and AIDS. Identifying the particular cause will help determine the proper treatment too.

Symptoms of Anemia Chronic Disease

The main symptoms of the problem include weakness or lethargy, shortness of breath especially when doing strenuous physical activities, poor memory and concentration, dizziness, pale skin, headache and feelings of laziness. These are usually due to the poor delivery of nutrients and oxygen to the vital organs. The anemia is usually mild to moderate. Severe cases are uncommon. People still need to see a doctor regardless of the severity.

Treating Anemia of Chronic Disease

The treatment of anemia of chronic disease will usually revolve around the treatment of the main cause of the problem. Patients will also get better by taking medications and supplements that help the bone marrow produce more red blood cells. Proper nutrition and hydration are also important to boost energy and improve overall health. Blood transfusions are done during severe cases.